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Chinese Researchers Create Brain-on-a-Chip to Advance Autonomous Robotics

Chinese Researchers Create Brain-on-a-Chip to Advance Autonomous Robotics

Chinese researchers have unveiled a groundbreaking brain-on-a-chip intelligent interaction system, known as MetaBOC, marking a significant advancement in brain-computer interface technology. This system enables a brain organoid to autonomously control robots for tasks such as obstacle avoidance, tracking, and grasping, akin to functions inspired by various brain-like computing processes.

The MetaBOC system comprises two main components: an electrode chip and in vitro-cultured brain tissue. The brain organoid, cultivated through stem cell technology, exhibits intelligent functionalities akin to those of a biological brain. The electrode chip allows scientists to control the organoid, enabling it to send signals externally and perform specific functions.

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Unlike traditional approaches that primarily rely on human or other biological brains as experimental subjects, brain-on-a-chip technology represents a pivotal advancement in brain-computer interfaces. Ming Dong, vice president of Tianjin University, emphasized that this research holds transformative potential for cutting-edge fields like hybrid intelligence and brain-like computing.

The study, a collaborative effort between Tianjin University and the Southern University of Science and Technology, was published in the prestigious international journal Brain.